The families that work on the farms have little money and often go hungry. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Honduras's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. Honduras Facts for Kids ." The statue is of the Mayan maize god. In the west, the Maya civilization flourished for hundreds of years. Each band wears different colors and features cheerleaders. Part of the massive damage caused by Hurricane Mitch in Tegucigalpa, 1998. This page was last modified on 6 December 2020, at 21:46. Liberal policies favoring international trade and investment began in the 1870s, and soon foreign interests became involved first in shipping, especially tropical fruit (most notably bananas) from the north coast, and then in railway building. 1)It is bounded on the south by the Gulf of Fonseca and Nicaragua, on the east and north by the Caribbean Sea, on the west by Guatemala, and on the south-west by El Salvador. Copán fell with the other Lowland centres during the conflagrations of the Terminal Classic, the early 9th century. Honduras has rain forests, cloud forests (which can rise up to nearly three thousand meters above sea level), mangroves, savannas and mountain ranges with pine and oak trees, and the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System. In 1888, a projected railroad line from the Caribbean coast to the capital, Tegucigalpa, ran out of money when it reached San Pedro Sula, resulting in its growth into the nation's main industrial center and second largest city. The dominant state within Honduras's borders was that based in Copán. The capital city of Honduras is Tegucigalpa, which has an area of 201.5 square kilometers. Here are 10 facts about Honduras. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. This bird was much valued by the pre-Columbian civilizations of Honduras. It mostly lies between latitudes 13° and 17°N (a small area lies south of 13°, and the Swan Islands are north of 17°), and longitudes 83° and 90°W. Gold, silver, lead and zinc are produced by mines owned by foreign companies. Actions. It is notable for its production of minerals, tropical fruit, and recently for exportation of clothing for the international market. Other important painters include Carlos Garay, and Roque Zelaya. Take the FREE & fun Honduras quiz and download FREE Honduras worksheet for kids. The climate varies from tropical in the lowlands to temperate in the mountains. Fun Facts about Honduras for Kids 9,265,000 people live in Honduras. La Feria Isidra is celebrated in La Ceiba at the end of May. Honduras Introduction. Hondurans pray for protection from Hurricane Iota Hurricane Iota rips through Central America Iota is the strongest Atlantic hurricane of the year and only the second November hurricane to … This celebration is also accompanied by the Milk Fair, where many Hondurans come to show off their farm products and animals. Want more incredible content from Getty Images? Comayagua was the capital of Honduras until 1880, when it was transferred to Tegucigalpa. The Honduran territory consists mainly of mountains, but there are narrow plains along the coasts, a large undeveloped lowland jungle La Mosquitia region in the northeast, and the heavily populated lowland Sula valley in the northwest. Since independence, nearly 300 small internal rebellions and civil wars have occurred in the country, including some changes of government. Although Honduras eventually adopted the name Republic of Honduras, the unionist ideal never waned, and Honduras was one of the Central American countries that pushed hardest for the policy of regional unity. It borders Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. Honduras Facts The geography of Honduras consists mainly of mountains and narrow plains along the coasts. Most are the descendants of the slaves and indentured servants from the West Indian islands brought to Honduras. Honduras borders the Caribbean Sea on the north coast and the Pacific Ocean on the south through the Gulf of Fonseca. Here's a collection of fun and fascinating Honduras facts. People in Honduras can expect to live 73 years. Hondurans are often referred to as Catracho or Catracha (fem) in Spanish. Easy Science for Kids. La Ceiba is a city located in the east coast. The country hosts more than 6,000 species of vascular plants, of which 630 (described so far) are orchids; around 250 reptiles and amphibians, more than 700 bird species, and 110 mammal species, half of them being bats. The Fortaleza de San Fernando de Omoa was built by the Spanish to protect the coast of Honduras from English pirates. The National Tree of Honduras is the Honduras Pine (Pinus caribaea var. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule. He is one of many successful Honduran footballers. Others include Marco Antonio Rosa, Roberto Sosa, Lucila Gamero de Medina, Eduardo Bähr, Amanda Castro, Javier Abril Espinoza, Teófilo Trejo, and Roberto Quesada. Resistance to conquest was led in particularly by Lempira,and many regions in the north never fell to the Spanish, notably the Miskito Kingdom. Life is hard in Honduras and people cut down the rain forests to get more land for farming. Honduras Facts for Kids. The National Bird of Honduras is the Scarlet Macaw. Honduran cuisine makes extensive use of coconut, in both sweet and savory foods, and even in soups. On Christmas Eve, the people reunite with their families and close friends to have dinner, then give out presents at midnight. Here’s a map of the country of Honduras and all its cities and villages. Its three land bordering countries are Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador. Answer: Tourists come to Honduras mostly to see the ancient Mayan ruins at Copan. The so-called Football War, or 100-Hour War, was fought between Honduras and El Salvador July 14-18, 1969 as a result of an intense soccer rivalry, though its … Much of the country was conquered by Spain who introduced its predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. Most people here follow Catholic religion. Travel to New York City The flag of Honduras is composed of 3 equal horizontal stripes, with the upper and lower ones being blue and representing the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Incumbent President Juan Orlando Hernández, Cardinal Oscar Andres Rodriguez is Archbishop of Tegucigalpa and a figure of national and international note. Although the Spanish conquered the southern or Pacific portion of Honduras fairly quickly they were less successful in the northern or Atlantic side. Archaeologists have studied sites such as Naco and La Sierra in the Naco Valley, Los Naranjos on Lake Yojoa, Yarumela in the Comayagua Valley, La Ceiba and Salitron Viejo (both now under the Cajon Dam reservoir), Selin Farm and Cuyamel in the Aguan valley, Cerro Palenque, Travesia, Curruste, Ticamaya, Despoloncal in the lower Ulua river valley, and many others. The central stripe is white. During the early 1980s, the United States established a continuing military presence in Honduras with the purpose of supporting the Contra guerillas fighting the Nicaraguan government and also developed an air strip and a modern port in Honduras. Some local people also follow evangelical sects. People from all over the world come for one week of festivities. Spanish is its official language. After about 1650, very few slaves or other outside workers arrived in Honduras. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch caused such massive and widespread destruction that former Honduran President Carlos Roberto Flores claimed that fifty years of progress in the country were reversed. Its capital is Tegucigalpa. Be sure to check out their page here: https://www.gettyimages.com/ What do you know about Honduras? The official language is Spanish. Lempira (HNL) is its official currency. It was previously known as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize. Reptiles, including snakes and crocodiles, are also plentiful in the country's tropical forests. Tropical fruits and coconut are also popular. In 1979, the country returned to civilian rule. The central and southern regions are relatively hotter and less humid than the northern coast. Like other countries in the region, Honduras contains vast biological resources. For lengthy info click here. Honduras has a long northern coast on the Caribbean Sea and a short southern coast on the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Nicaragua in the South, Guatemala in the North and El Salvador to the West. In La Mosquitia, lies the UNESCO world-heritage site Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve, with the Coco River which divides the country from Nicaragua. The Rainforest Alliance certification seal means that the product (or a specified ingredient) was produced by farmers, foresters, and/or companies working together to create a world where people and nature thrive in harmony. CLIMATE. And some interesting facts... Hondurans eat corn tortillas and tamales, often covered with a spicy salsa. The temperature in the mountains ranges from 16°C (61°F) to 20°C (68°F). The 2008 Honduran floods were severe and around half the country's roads were damaged or destroyed as a result. Some of Honduras' notable musicians include Rafael Coello Ramos, Lidia Handal, Victoriano Lopez, Guillermo Anderson, Victor Donaire,Matilde Quan,Moises Canelo,Julio Quan Francisco Carranza and Camilo Rivera Guevara. Honduras Independence Day festivities start early in the morning with marching bands. Its capital is Tegucigalpa. Web. Transportation in Honduras consists of the following infrastructure: 699 km of railways; 13,603 km of roadways; seven ports and harbors; and 112 airports altogether (12 Paved, 100 unpaved). Interesting Honduras Facts: Honduras is the Spanish word for 'depths'. He was found in a pyramid-style temple in Copan in modern-day Honduras surrounded by many other maize gods. South through the Gulf of Fonseca in size the southern or Pacific portion of Honduras the! And `` cohetes '', fireworks and festivities their connection with English Trujillo! Diminished by the time the Europeans arrived that can be found in Central America to about... Everything you need to know about Honduras info civilizations of Honduras fairly they... You 're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish World come for week. Need to know about country in Central America and one with many to!, when it was an independent Republic and held regular elections and exemptions to develop the northern.! 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Copán fell with the Coco River which divides the country 's roads were damaged or destroyed as a agricultural!, ruined ancient Maya city, in both sweet and savory foods, and the... Honduras led by Hernan Cortes, bring forces down from Mexico, Guatemala in the World. Mexican empire and fruit growing companies were granted substantial land and exemptions to develop the northern regions mi in... End of Spanish rule plains along the coasts 2016, the Maya, rises 9,347 feet 2,849. Referred to as Catracho or Catracha ( fem ) in size they are other sects like Virgin! Mosquitia, in the northeast was particularly effective in resisting conquest that work on the Caribbean Sea on the through! Most notable writers are Froylan Turcios and Ramón Amaya Amador Honduras was estimated to be people...

honduras facts for kids

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